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Installation

Software Requirements

It is recommended to run FMTM on a Linux-based machine.

This includes MacOS, but some tools must be substituted.

For Windows users, the easiest option is to use Windows Subsystem for Linux

Before you can install and use this application, you will need to have the following software installed and configured on your system:

If running Debian/Ubuntu, the install script below does this for you.

Git to clone the FMTM repository.

Docker to run FMTM inside containers.

Docker Compose for easy orchestration of the FMTM services.

This is Docker Compose V2, the official Docker CLI plugin.

i.e. docker compose commands, not docker-compose (the old tool).

Easy Install

On a Linux-based machine with bash installed, run the script:

Note: it is best to run this script as a user other than root.

However, if you run as root, a user svcfmtm will be created for you.

curl -L https://hotosm.github.io/fmtm-installer/install.sh -o install.sh
bash install.sh

# Then follow the prompts

Manual Install

If more details are required, check out the dev docs

Table of Contents

Clone the FMTM repository

Clone the repository to your local machine using the following command:

git clone https://github.com/hotosm/fmtm.git

# If you wish to deploy for production, change to the main branch
git checkout main

Setup Your Local Environment

These steps are essential to run and test your code!

1. Setup OSM OAuth 2.0

The FMTM uses OAuth with OSM to authenticate users.

To properly configure your FMTM project, you will need to create keys for OSM.

  1. Login to OSM (If you do not have an account yet, click the signup button at the top navigation bar to create one).

    Click the drop down arrow on the top right of the navigation bar and select My Settings.

  2. Register your FMTM instance to OAuth 2 applications.

    Put your login redirect url as http://127.0.0.1:7051/osmauth/ if running locally, or for production replace with https://{YOUR_DOMAIN}/osmauth/

    Note: 127.0.0.1 is required for debugging instead of localhost due to OSM restrictions.

    image

  3. Only the read user preferences permission is required as of now.

  4. Now save your Client ID and Client Secret for the next step.

2. Create an .env File

Environmental variables are used throughout this project. To get started, create .env file in the top level dir, a sample is located at .env.example.

This can be created interactively by running:

bash scripts/gen-env.sh

Note: If extra cors origins are required for testing, the variable EXTRA_CORS_ORIGINS is a set of comma separated strings, e.g.: http://fmtm.localhost:7050,http://some.other.domain

Note: It is possible to generate the auth pub/priv key manually using: openssl genrsa -out fmtm-private.pem 4096 openssl rsa -in fmtm-private.pem -pubout -out fmtm-private.pem

Start the API with Docker

This is the easiest way to get started with FMTM.

Docker runs each service inside containers, fully isolated from your host operating system.

Select the install type

Determine the what type of FMTM install you would like:

main - the latest production
staging - the latest staging
development - the latest development (warning: may be unstable)
local test - used during development, or to start a test version

The corresponding docker-compose files are:

main - docker-compose.main.yml
staging - docker-compose.staging.yml
development - docker-compose.development.yml
local test - docker-compose.yml

Set your selection to a terminal variable to make the next step easier:

export GIT_BRANCH={your_selection}

# E.g.
export GIT_BRANCH=development

Pull the Images

docker compose -f "docker-compose.${GIT_BRANCH}.yml" pull

This will pull the latest containers for the branch you selected.

Build the Frontend

Before we can run, you need to build your version of the frontend.

This is because the frontend contains variable specific to your deployment.

docker compose -f "docker-compose.${GIT_BRANCH}.yml" build ui

Start the Containers

docker compose -f "docker-compose.${GIT_BRANCH}.yml" up -d

You should see the containers start up in order.

Once complete, you should now be able to navigate to the project in your browser:

https://{YOUR_DOMAIN}

# For the local test setup, this will be
http://fmtm.localhost:7050

Note: If those link doesn't work, check the logs with docker compose logs api.

Note: Use docker ps to view all container names.

Setup ODK Central User (Optional)

The FMTM uses ODK Central to store ODK data.

  • By default, the docker setup includes a Central server.
  • The credentials should have been provided in your .env file to automatically create a user.
  • To create a user manually:
docker compose exec central odk-cmd --email YOUREMAIL@ADDRESSHERE.com user-create
docker-compose exec central odk-cmd --email YOUREMAIL@ADDRESSHERE.com user-promote

Note: Alternatively, you may use an external Central server and user.

Set Up Monitoring (Optional)

  • There is an optional configuration for application monitoring via OpenTelemetry.
  • To enable this set in your .env file:

    # For OpenObserve
    MONITORING="openobserve"
    # For Sentry
    MONITORING="sentry"
    
  • Check the .env.example for additional required parameters.
  • Everything should be configured for you to see endpoint calls in the selected web dashboard, providing full error tracebacks and stats.

Check Authentication (Optional)

Once you have deployed, you will need to check that you can properly authenticate.

  1. Navigate to your frontend (e.g. http://fmtm.localhost:7050)

  2. Click the 'Sign In' button and follow the popup prompts.

  3. If successful, you should see your username in the header.

  4. If you see an error instead, double check your credentials and redirect URL in the openstreetmap.org settings.

That's it, you have successfully set up FMTM!!

Alternative Operating Systems

Windows

Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) can be used to run Docker.

This will run a Linux machine inside Windows very efficiently.

To install follow the official instructions.

Then continue with the FMTM installation.

MacOS

Colima is recommended to run docker and docker compose commands.

Install colima, docker, docker compose using brew:

brew install colima
brew install docker docker-compose

Then configure the docker compose plugin to work on MacOS:

mkdir -p ~/.docker/cli-plugins

ln -sfn $(brew --prefix)/opt/docker-compose/bin/docker-compose ~/.docker/cli-plugins/docker-compose

Run Colima:

colima start

Then continue with the FMTM installation.

Note: only tagged backend images are multi-architecture, supporting MacOS. The regular images for fast continuous deployment are not: backend:development, backend:staging, backend:main.

A Note on Docker Desktop

While in theory FMTM should run using Docker-Desktop, it has not been tested.

The authors opinion is that the official Linux Docker Daemon should be installed in WSL or MacOS, instead of using Docker Desktop.

Colima is a wrapper to run the Docker Daemon.

Although Docker Desktop may have a user friendly GUI, it simply runs docker commands inside a Linux virtual machine underneath.

It is often easier and more flexible to do this yourself. Plus it gives you access to all other other tools available in a Linux operating system!


Last update: July 21, 2024